Jerome Kerviel’s not-so-excellent adventure in the futures market
In one of the banking world’s most unsettling recent disclosures, France’s Société Générale SA said Mr. Kerviel had cost the bank €4.9 billion, equal to $7.2 billion, by making huge unauthorized trades that he hid for months by hacking into computers. The combined trading positions he built up over recent months, say people close to the situation, totaled some €50 billion, or $73 billion.
Mr. Kerviel is no trading legend who let a transaction get out of hand. He was a low-level trader in the bank’s “Delta One” desk in western Paris, earning about €100,000 ($145,000) a year. His job was to make bets on how large European stock indexes would move, according to bank officials. His expertise was trading baskets of stocks such as the Euro Stoxx 50.
At $7.2 billion, this loss is larger than than the estimated 2006 GDP of 65 of the 183 countries tracked by the World Bank. It’s just about the entire output of Cambodia ($7.193 billion), and greater than the combined output of Seychelles, Liberia, Grenada, Gambia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Comoros, Vanuatu, East Timor, Solomon Islands, Guinea-Bissau, Dominica, Micronesia, Tonga, Palau, Marshall Islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Kiribati ($6.846 billion).
I’ve noticed that the news coverage keep reporting “fraud”, which is apparently true (he made up fictitious trades with outside partners of the bank), but it mostly sounds like internal risk controls failed in more than one place.
Of course, if it had gone the other way and turned a profit, we never would have heard about it.